STATUS OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE
The most urgent antibiotic resistance problem identified by members of APUA Australia is the lack of surveillance of antibiotic use and resistance. This leads to challenges in treating infectious diseases that are prevalent in Australia such as acute respiratory infections.
In Australia, the Therapeutic Goods Administration, the equivalent of the US FDA, and its advisory body Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) control licensing of antibiotics. The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme controls antibiotic availability by cost subsidy and Hospital Drug committees control their availability in hospitals. The most important bacterial resistance in Australia are MRSA (both nosocomial and community variants), multi-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae, vancomycin-resistant enterococci, and extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Gram-negative bacteria.
APUA Australia was established in1988 with the support of both the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology and the Antimicrobials Special Interest Group. Members include medical, laboratory and pharmacy personnel. Most are public hospital based although some are from private laboratories. Many of the hospital appointees also have university affiliations.
Chapter Objectives and Priorities:
To facilitate the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge in the field of antimicrobials
To encourage communication and cooperation between those actively engaged in the field of antimicrobials and related disciplines
To hold meetings and conferences in furtherance of objectives 3.1 and 3.2
To demonstrate publicly the need for an educated and considered approach to the use of antimicrobials
To subscribe to or become a member of and cooperate with any national or international body whose objectives are similar to those of the Society
To print or publish any periodicals, books or papers that the Society may think desirable for the promotion of its objectives
To encourage research in the study of antimicrobials by grants from funds of the Society or through the Society and by the establishment of scholarships and awards in such a manner as the Society determines
To establish, endow, contribute to, organise and manage provident or benevolent funds for the benefit or assistance of members of the Society
To provide advice to administrative, scientific and other bodies on matters concerning antimicrobials
This common sense approach to the continuing dilemmas of antibiotic use and microbial resistance has now been in publication for 25 years.
APUA Australia has been engaged in research, surveillance, development of reports, conferences and poster sessions, and collaborative projects with other organizations.
Graeme Nimmo - President
Tom Gottlieb - President Elect
Ben Howden - Vice President
Geoffrey Coombs - Treasurer/Executive Officer
John Turnidge - Committee Member
Keryn Christiansen - Committee Member
David Paterson - Committee Member
David Kong - Committee Member
Sharon Chen - Committee Newsletter Editor
2003 updated therapeutic guidelines on antibiotics
See http://www.asainc.net.au/ for more information.
Updated May 2011