Standing Group Extremism & Democracy
The Standing Group on Extremism & Democracy was
founded in 1999 by Roger Eatwell (
In 2000 the two founders started publishing a
quarterly electronic newsletter, which as of issue 1:4 (Winter 2000) is named e-Extreme
(thanks to Karen Thomson, our first assistant editor). After having solely
edited the newsletter for some years, and later together with Michael Dartnell (
Roger Eatwell and Cas Mudde also function as editors of the Routledge Studies on Extremism and Democracy. With the enthusiastic support of Craig Fowlie, Senior Politics Editor at Routledge, we have published four titles in the first year alone, and three are about to be published:
- Christopher Hewitt, Understanding Terrorism in America: From the Klan to al Qaeda, 2003.
Petr Kopecky and Cas Mudde (eds.), Uncivil Society? Contentious Politics in
- Leonard Weinberg and Ami Pedahzur, Political Parties and Terrorist Groups, 2003.
Michael, Confronting Right-Wing Extremism
and Terrorism in the
- Roger Eatwell and Cas Mudde (eds.), Western Democracies and the New Extreme Right Challenge, 2004.
- Amir Abedi, Anti-Political Establishment Parties. A Comparative Analysis, 2004.
- Darren J. Mulloy, American Extremism: History, Politics, and the Militia Movement, 2004.
In terms of membership
the ECPR Standing Group on Extremism & Democracy has been growing ever
since it was founded. On
The majority of the members work on issues of political extremism (ca. 375). The bulk of them research movements and ideas related to ‘right-wing extremism,’ including antisemitism, fascism, nationalism, and populism (368). Only 32 members study the extreme left as well. A growing group of members is involved in research on religious fundamentalism (87) and terrorism (72), including political violence and counter-terrorism. Finally, sizeable groups work on issues related to democracy, democratization, and human rights (66), or to (new) social movements and contentious politics (46).
Dr. Carl Levy
I have a BA in History from the SUNY at
1. C. Levy, 'Malatesta in Exile, Annali della Fondazione Luigi Einuadi (Turin), Vol. XV, 1981, pp. 245-70.
Levy, 'Italian Anarchism, 1870-1926', in D. Goodway
(ed.), For Anarchism. History, Theory and
2. C. Levy, ' Malatesta in London: The Era of Dynamite', L. Sponza and A. Tosi (eds.), in L. Sponza and A. Tosi (eds.), A Century of Italian Emigration in Britain 1880s- 1980s, The Italianist (special supplement), vol. 13, 1993, pp. 25-42.
3. C. Levy, 'Charisma and Social Movements: Errico Malatesta and Italian Anarchism', Modern Italy, vol. 3, no.2, 1998, pp. 205-17.
4. C. Levy, 'Max Weber, Anarchism and Libertarian Culture', in S. Whimster (ed.), Max Weber and the Culture of Anarchy, Macmillan, Basinstoke, 1999, pp. 83-109.
Levy, Gramsci and the Anarchists, Berg,
6. 'Currents of Italian Syndicalism before 1926', International Review of Social History, vol. 45, 2000, pp. 209-50.
Internationalism and Nationalism in
I have also published in the fields of comparative fascism and modern right-wing populism. Please see:
Levy 'From Fascists to 'Post-Fascists': Italian Roads to Modernity', in R.
Bessel (ed.), Fascist
Levy (with J, Farrell), 'The Northern League: Conservative Revolution?', in C. Levy (ed.), Italian
Regionalism. History, Identity and Politics, Berg,
National Socialism and Conservatives in
Finally I have written extensively on the asylum seeker and refugee policy in the European Union. And in this context, readers of E-Extreme will find my study of the effect of 9/11 on these policies in the European Union relevant (the dilemma for liberal democratic societies of how to offer protection to citizens without undermining core values that constitute liberal democracy) see:
C. Levy, 'The European Union after 9/11: The Demise of a Liberal Democratic Asylum Regime?', Government and Opposition, forthcoming, 2004.
I am also currently writing a comparative essay on
the rise of the extreme right in
Dr. Jennifer S. Holmes
Currently, I am an Assistant Professor of Government
& Politics and Political Economy at the
My substantive focus on democratic stability, drug
violence, and terrorist violence led to my current interest in Colombia. The issues in