This latest issue of e-Extreme is the biggest yet. It reflects the notable growth in size and interests of the ECPR Standing Group on Extremism and Democracy. Founded just over two years ago, we are rapidly approaching a membership of 500 people, the majority being academics (for those reading this who are not members, there is no fee). This growth in size reflects not only the growing recognition of the group, but also the way in which it has expanded its horizons from Europe, and especially the extreme right, to world-wide issues of democracy and extremism. In the aftermath of the September 11th attacks in the US, these issues have never been more apposite. The point is not simply that this act of mass terrorism underlines the way in which, contrary to Francis Fukuyama's much cited phrase, history has not ended. These events also point to complex issues about how democracies themselves can respond to extremism, without themselves in some ways breaking with democracy (e.g. infringing civil liberties, resorting to assassination, etc.) From the outset, the Standing Group has sought to focus on this side of the extremism equation, as well as on more direct studies of nationalism, fundamentalism, populism, terrorism, etc. We very much hope to welcome more scholars who work in this field to our ranks. In order to help cater for the interests of this ever-growing group, please keep the editors informed of what you would like to see in this journal. In this issue, for instance, we have an extended review article. Let us know if you would like to see more such articles, or short articles on current issues.